Such a universal remedy as ash for cucumbers in the greenhouse will be a good friend and helper. After all, the ashes of plants is not only a wonderful natural fertilizer, but also a good tool for combating diseases of vegetable crops.
Why is ash better
Greenhouse cucumbers need feeding, especially they like nitrogen compounds. The fastest and easiest way to fertilize the soil in a greenhouse is to add mineral fertilizers of chemical origin. But this option is not harmless: chemical trace elements accumulate in the ground, from which microorganisms die, which fluff the soil, thus providing the plants with the necessary root respiration. Reckless use of non-natural substances can adversely affect the taste of vegetables. Moreover, such chemistry cannot be used during the flowering and fruiting of cucumber, otherwise the fruit will be poisoned.
It is better to use natural fertilizers. Organics will not cause any harm to cucumbers, nor to the earth, nor to man. It can be safely applied even at the time of flowering and fruiting vegetables. Natural components completely heal the soil for 3 years. Natural top dressing attracts earthworms and various beneficial microorganisms that process the remains of dead organic matter, making the soil more fertile and friable.
A special place among natural fertilizers is occupied by ash - a product of burning plant residues. It is a natural and harmless source of such minerals:
Due to the high content of potassium in its composition, plant ash is recognized as a good natural potash mineral fertilizer. And potassium has a beneficial effect on the growth and proper formation of the cucumber stalk.
Top dressing is made from various types of vegetation, which is at hand. Source material will affect fertilizer quality:
- Wood ash contains a lot of phosphorus.
- Peat ash is rich in calcium.
- The product of burning grass is the richest source of potassium.
But, despite such a rich chemical composition, there is absolutely no nitrogen in the ashes, which cucumbers love so much. Therefore, when fertilizing these vegetables with ashes, it is better to compact the beds with legumes. They, thanks to the unique nodules on their roots, are able to saturate the earth with nitrogen.
Ash as fertilizer
Vegetable ash is a good and completely harmless natural mineral fertilizer. He will not do any harm. Ash can be used as a fertilizer at all stages of cucumber life: seeds can be soaked for planting in a solution of ash; she feeds the seedlings; it has a beneficial effect on the formation of the stem of a growing culture; it is harmless at the stage of flowering and fruiting vegetables.
For feeding cucumbers ash is used in the form of talkers. To do this, in 10 liters of water should be diluted 1 cup of ash. The resulting volume is used at 2 m.² planting area of cucumbers. Talker poured under the root of vegetables. Apply it no more than 1 time per week.
As a fertilizer, ashes can be applied under the root of cucumbers and in dry sifted form. But in this case, it must be watered from above, so that it is absorbed deep into the soil, and not dispelled on the surface. It is necessary to use such option of top dressing too no more than 1 time a week.
But, despite all its positive properties, the ash should not be mixed with other types of fertilizer, otherwise it may enter into an unexpected chemical reaction. Therefore, to complete the feeding of vegetables, fertilizers should not be mixed, but alternated after a certain period of time.
Ash as medicine
Due to its unique chemical composition, ash is able to effectively combat acidification of the soil.
In an acidic environment, microflora is poorly developed, which accumulates accumulation of useful substances in the soil. Therefore, the soil becomes poorer, and the plants are sluggish and weak. The use of ash will help in the formation of soil on the solid crusts of insoluble salts that prevent the roots of plants to breathe.
Also, the product of burning plants perfectly destroys mold fungi on the ground, which often arise due to the greenhouse effect. Such a fungus is especially harmful for young, fragile seedlings. Mold does not tolerate an alkaline environment. Therefore, to combat it, the soil is sprinkled with ashes or mulched with a mixture of sifted ash and crushed charcoal.
The product of burnout of plant residues can be used as a safe medicine for plants against various pests: spotting, aphids, flea beetles. To do this, plant ash is mixed with water, but for greater efficiency, it is better to use a decoction of fragrant or bitter herbs, the taste and smell of which are so disliked by parasites. You can apply infusions and decoctions of: Hypericum, cloves, cinnamon, mint, dill, wormwood, bird cherry, tomato leaves, parsley, garlic, anise, sour lemon.
The healing aerosol is prepared from 1 cup of ash and 10 liters of warm liquid (the temperature should not be less than 20 ° C). Infusion is filtered and sprayed on the affected areas or healthy plants in order to prevent the appearance of diseases and parasites. You can spray in the morning and evening.