Along with hybrid tea varieties, floribunda roses are by far the most popular. They are easy to maintain, have high frost resistance and resistance to typical diseases of roses, moreover, most of them bloom without interruption until almost the most frost. Today our article is devoted to the description of varieties of floribunda roses. Photos will help you to better navigate the variety of their varieties and maybe choose a favorite for your garden.
Overview of Floribunda Roses
This group of roses has gained immense popularity due to the abundant, almost continuous flowering. They completely correspond to their name, because floribunda literally means “blooming” in Latin.
Floribunda roses and their characteristics
The floribunda group includes many varieties, its flowers occupy an intermediate position between hybrid tea and polyanthus roses.
The height of the bushes are divided into three subgroups:
- low (curb) - bushes reach a height of about 40 cm;
- average height - from 0.6 m to 0.8 m;
- high - from 100 cm and up.
Perhaps no other group has such a variety of colors, and is clearly superior in brightness to other groups. Flowers floribunda roses are simple, terry, semi-double glasses with cupped, flat, goblet, collected in many-flowered or few-flowered inflorescences. Their usual size ranges from 4 to 9 cm.
Most varieties bloom continuously or in three waves. Bright flowers open in the racemes at the same time in several pieces, with most varieties of floribunda roses blooming either continuously or have three waves of flowering.
It is worth adding that these flowers have excellent winter hardiness, resistance to rain and diseases, besides most of them can reproduce by cuttings.
In different countries, you can find various names of flowers in this group, they are even called simply “bouquet roses” or “spray roses with inflorescences”. They are widely used to decorate private gardens, parks, in landscaping near large office buildings. They are planted in large pots, and the best floribunda roses are used as cut flowers.
Floribunda Roses History
At the beginning of the last century, the family of Danish breeders of Poulsen crossed polyanthus roses and hybrid tea, as a result of which in 1924 the first hybrid-polyanth variety Else Poulsen appeared. From the polyanthus, this flower took on racemes of inflorescences and good health, and from the tea-hybrid ones - an elegant form and large size of the glass.
Later, with repeated multiple crosses of hybrid-polyanthus roses with hybrid tea and other garden varieties, many plant varieties were obtained by breeders in Denmark, Germany, Great Britain and the United States, which were required to be combined into a separate group. So, in 1952 a group of floribunda roses appeared, which also included hybrid-polyanthic varieties.
Although the floribunda group exists not so long ago, a group of patio roses has already been selected from it, which includes many, but not all, undersized varieties having a height of about 50 cm. Varieties with creeping or drooping shoots are included in the group of ground-covering roses. Plants with small flowers and long, up to 2.5 m shoots moved to a group of climbing roses. Recently, we increasingly hear the name “grandiflora” - this is the name for today floribunda roses, which have especially large flowers. This group has not yet been officially recognized, but the story of roses continues, who knows what changes await us tomorrow.Comment! Probably, it is here that the roots of the confusion that today exists in the classification of roses, when the same variety is attributed to two or even three groups, are carried here.
Which roses are better than hybrid tea or floribunda
Everyone will answer this question in their own way. Floribunda roses are undoubtedly inferior to hybrid tea varieties with elegance and bud size, most of them do not possess their magical aroma. But they bloom not in waves, but almost continuously until frost, the beauty of the glass is compensated by the abundance of buds, sometimes completely covering the bush, and let the floribunda be not so refined, but they are collected by huge tassels, sometimes consisting of dozens of buds.
Most hybrid tea varieties of roses are capricious, require careful care, which determines the quality of the flower, and sometimes even the intensity of the fragrance. Almost all varieties do not go beyond the sixth climatic zone, for the northern regions their choice is very limited. It leaves much to be desired resistance to typical diseases of roses, not to mention the vulnerability of buds to soak.
For floribundoy same easier to care for, she rarely gets sick, the buds endure rainy weather. And most importantly, these roses are hardy, which means that with proper shelter they winter well.
If you live in the southern areas and all the work for the owners is performed by a qualified gardener, then it is the hybrid tea that is the best solution for your site. But for people living in a cold cold climate and wishing not to bend their backs on flowerbeds, and enjoying the beauty of flowers in rare free minutes, floribunda roses will become reliable companions.
Believe me, both groups of roses are beautiful, each has its own special charm. The choice of varieties for the site requires to approach the issue not only from an aesthetic, but also from a purely practical point of view.
Description of Floribunda Roses
We invite you to get acquainted with the popular varieties of floribunda roses. Photos will help to make an impression about their appearance.
White color will be appropriate for any garden, and there are not so many beautiful roses with such coloring.
Brushes consisting of 3-5 large, about 10 cm in diameter cream-white buds abundantly cover the bush all season. They contrast with the brilliant dark foliage reaching 0.9 m branches. The rose is intended for the sixth zone, characterized by moderate resistance to typical diseases of roses, low - to rain.
Creamy-white cup-shaped bud-white buds are rain-resistant, have a subtle scent. Flowers constantly appear on a large, healthy shrub up to 1.2 m in height, which overwinters beautifully in the sixth zone.
Perhaps no other group of roses has so many beautiful yellow varieties.
This rose was recognized as the best in 1984. Brushes contain 3-7 or more buds with a size of 7-8 cm of rich amber color. The variety blooms almost continuously, the first open bud is the largest, with an aroma of medium intensity. Bushes are beautiful, not more than 1.0 m tall, with dark shiny, very large leaves. It is highly resistant to diseases, grows in the sixth zone.
A straight bush, about 0.9 m high, is intended for cultivation in zone six, has good resistance to rain and diseases. Flowering - permanent, abundant. Large flowers of golden-yellow color collected in 3-5, have a light scent.
Orange and apricot varieties
Orange color raises our mood and inspires optimism even on the most dull and gloomy days. Look, maybe your future pet is among these flowers.
A characteristic feature of the variety is the late opening of the buds. After the remaining varieties have completed the first wave of flowering, this rose only comes into effect. Its bright apricot flowers, having a faint fragrance, are collected in buds of 6–20, they are not afraid of rain or diseases, and are excellent for cutting. Bushes hibernate in the sixth zone and can reach from 1 to 1.5 m.
Gorgeous shining orange-apricot flowers with a faint aroma are quite large for floribunda, up to 10 cm in diameter, grouped into 5-7 pieces. Constantly flowering shrub up to 1 meter has erect shoots and excellent health. It is grown in the sixth zone and would be perfect, but the buds tend to be soaked from the rain.
It is this color that we associate with a real rose. Delicate pink buds, collected by large tassels, look spectacular and always attract the eye.
City of London
The floribunda shrub is capable of reaching 0.9-2.0 m in height, and it is six zones wide and extending to 0.7-1.5 m, and it has average health. Medium terry, re-blooming flowers up to 8 cm in size are painted pale pink. This reliable rose is perfect for hedges and single plantings.
A very popular pink variety with a flat glass and slightly wavy petals has a diameter of about 7 cm. The flowers are collected in 5-15 pieces. Srednerosly bush blooms again, grows to 0.7 m, medium resistance, designed for wintering in the sixth zone.
Genuine red is a rarity for the world of flowers, but not for the floribunda group of roses.
Reliable, resistant to disease and rain constantly blooming variety. A spreading plant with a height of up to 0.85 cm is all covered with bright red flowers with a diameter of no more than 8 cm, gathered in clusters containing 5-10 buds.
Blood-red fragrant buds, collected on 3-15 pieces from the beginning of summer to the most frost cover a small neat bush. It usually grows up to 50 cm, but with good care it rises to 0.8 m. A plant with satisfactory health is suitable for zone five. The variety has a climbing form.
Exotic today, no one is surprised, that striped flowers have become familiar to us.
Orange and lamon
Fans of striped varieties may like a bright lemon flower with irregular orange stripes. The brush consists of 3-7 flowers up to 8 cm with a faint odor and high resistance to rain. In zone six, it can reach 1.0-1.5 m, and the hot climate allows the lashes to easily reach 2.0 m. The bush blooms again, almost without interruption, is moderately resistant to diseases.
Compact bush with straight shoots up to 1.0 m long almost the entire season is covered with flowers, growing in the sixth zone. Its large, up to 9 cm flowers have not only the original color, but also the shape of a glass. Coloring is a mixture of white, lilac, pink with a predominance of purple. This rose will appeal even to those who are not a fan of striped varieties and would be perfect if it were not for the low resistance to adverse factors.
The most cold-resistant varieties
We think that lovers of roses from the northern regions will pay particular attention to this subgroup. Floribunda varieties can please them.
Salmon-pink flowers with a faint odor size of 8 cm are collected in large inflorescences. They bloom again, are distinguished by medium resistance to disease and soaking. Spreading bush does not exceed a height of 0.9 cm and is remarkable for the fact that it grows well in the fourth zone.
This re-flowering variety designed for the fifth zone is very popular in Northern Europe and the UK. Large, up to 10 cm in diameter, fragrant flowers of pale yellow color have the only drawback - they quickly fade to lemon or cream. High, up to 1.0 m straight bush with stiff stems is moderately resistant to diseases.
A neat straight bush with dark dense foliage is designed for growing in the fifth zone and is resistant to typical diseases of roses. Pale pink ever-blooming flowers are highly resistant to rain, 8 cm in diameter and have a strong smell of tea rose.
Red flowers of medium size are collected in brushes of 3-11 pieces, they do not fade as they grow older, but darken. Sredneroslye bushes up to 0.75 m in height are designed for the fifth zone and have a high resistance to rain and disease. Blossoms until frost.
This variety is one of the most popular and beautiful, sometimes referred to as hybrid tea. It grows well and blooms in a cold climate, in hot countries, the buds on it are kept all year round. Closed they can have a pink or greenish shade, with the full disclosure - pure white, loose brushes contain from 3 to 15 buds. Their diameter does not exceed 7 cm, the height of the bush is up to 1.5 m, resistance to rain and diseases is average.
This semi-double rose is intended for the fourth zone, its resistance indicators are considered outstanding. The color of the glass is defined as “pink mixture”, the fragrant flower in diameter reaches 9 cm. The straight bush grows to 0.9 m and blooms in two waves.
As you can see, the group of floribunda roses is numerous, and its variety is simply impressive. In addition, there are many varieties suitable for cultivation even in harsh climates.