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Garden roses: planting, care, reproduction, diseases

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Those who dealt with the planting and cultivation of roses are well aware that these flowers require constant care and attention. Only by making an effort, you can extend the flowering of the bush for many years. Caring for garden roses consists of many stages, each of them is very important and requires detailed consideration. In this article, you will learn not only how to care for roses, but also how you can plant them. This information will help you to avoid mistakes and grow beautiful flowers.

Where to plant garden roses

These flowers are very fond of sunny color, so plant them better in well-lit areas. But do not plant roses in open areas, where the sun will illuminate the plants all day with direct rays. Illumination is the most important condition for the formation of young buds, but in the scorching sun the flowers will fade very quickly. At the same time, the color of the buds will not be as saturated, and the edges of the petals will curl and dry.

Too shaded area is also not suitable for growing roses. Without the sun, the plant will not be able to form new buds, and flowering will be weak. Due to the dampness, the bush will be prone to fungal diseases, which can completely destroy the flowers. Plots with a southeastern orientation are best suited, but the northern and northeastern areas can have a detrimental effect on roses.

Tip! Choose a place partially covered with trees or buildings from the north.

Do not plant a garden rose too close to other bushes or trees. Their strong roots will take all the moisture and create a shadow. Then on the bushes will appear long shoots, incapable of forming buds.

Soil preparation

For good growth and flowering, roses should be planted in light, loamy soil. It should be loose and rich in humus. Chernozem is also perfect for planting and caring for garden roses. Sandy and sandy soils are unsuitable for these flowers. Such a soil tends to get very warm by the sun, and very quickly to freeze in case of frost.

The roots of roses are very sensitive, and such temperature drops can damage the plant. In order to improve the composition of such a soil, peat, turf or rotted manure are added to it. Clay soils are also unsuitable for growing roses. Such a soil is capable of absorbing a large amount of water, which can trigger the appearance of fungal diseases. To improve the soil, it adds sand, humus, peat and compost.

Suitable soil temperature

Soil temperature has a strong influence on the growth and flowering of the bush. At temperatures from 15 ° C to 22 ° C, the rose will develop well and will enjoy abundant flowering. If it is above 25 ° C, the root system will overheat, which may have a bad effect on the plant as a whole. In this case, the soil around the bushes is mulched using peat, mowed grass or humus.

Attention! Temperatures below 15 ° C affect the ability of the root system to absorb nutrients. Because of this, the plant will weaken, and young shoots will be incapable of forming and developing buds.

Selection of seedlings

For the middle band, the best option would be grafted seedlings, and not own-rooted. Such bushes have a more developed root system, high frost resistance, and they take root well in a new place. They are also disease-resistant and capable of simultaneous flowering of a large number of roses. Care for such bushes requires the removal of wild shoots growing from the root of the plant. A large number of such shoots can turn a rose into a wild rose. Such a reincarnation is due to the fact that most often it is grafted onto the root system of such shrubs.

Important! Own-rooted seedlings do not require removal of the shoots.

Choosing seedlings, you should pay attention to the appearance of the root system. It can be open or closed peat ball. Open rhizomes can be damaged during transplantation and transportation. Therefore, it is better to buy closed seedlings. They are easier to tolerate transplantation, and also more likely to grow, and, accordingly, bloom.

Special attention when choosing requires foliage located on the bush. Sluggish and dry foliage indicates the weakness of the bush. If the bush is located only 3 or less shoots, then this seedling is not worth buying. Shoots must be without cracks and spots. If the root system is open, inspect it for damage. Broken roots with cracks and scratches will not be able to grow in a new place.

When to plant roses

Roses are planted in open ground in autumn and spring. Remember at the same time that the bushes planted in the fall will have time to settle down and spring much faster than if you planted them in the spring. Therefore, the best time for planting bushes is autumn. Planting should begin no earlier than September, so that young buds do not wake up before the onset of frost. And if you plant seedlings later in mid-October, it is likely that the plant will not have time to take root and just freeze. With proper planting dates, the root system will have time to form young roots, and will be tempered before the onset of frost. After waking up in the spring, the rose will be full of strength, and is ready for the formation of the ground part.

Important! Planted in the spring bushes will begin to bloom a fortnight later than autumn.

Garden Roses Planting Ways

Before planting, it is necessary to clean the root system. All roots are shortened, leaving only 20 centimeters in length, and dry and damaged roots cut off completely. Shoots should also be shortened, leaving only 3-5 buds on them. Planting seedlings carried out by such methods:

  • dry method;
  • wet way.

With a dry planting method, they dig a hole about 30 cm deep and about 55 cm wide. Organic fertilizers (biohumus, compost or humus) and mineral supplements (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) are applied there. They are thoroughly mixed with the soil and placed on the bottom of the fossa.

Seedlings are placed in a hole so that the root neck is recessed into the ground by 3 centimeters. This will help the plant not to dry in hot weather, and also allows you to quickly settle down. Putting the seedling in the hole, you need to gently straighten the root system on the bottom, and gradually fill it with soil, slightly compacting the soil. After the bush has been done, it is poured abundantly with water, and the spud is 20 cm up.

With the wet method, the pit is dug in the same way as with the dry. Further, a bucket of water is poured into it, in which 1 tablet of heteroauxin is dissolved. A sapling is placed in a hole, and the prepared soil is poured directly into the water. Diluting with water, the soil completely fills the entire space between the roots, leaving no voids. From time to time, the seedling should be shaken and the soil should be compacted. Naturally, after such a method of planting it is not necessary to water the plant superficially. The next day, when the earth settles a little, you will need to slightly raise the seedling and fill it with soil. Landing place necessarily tamped. Spud plant need to a height of 15 centimeters.

Care after landing in both cases is the same. The first weeks the rose will need plenty of watering. When the seedling is well rooted and grows, it needs to be unlocked and mulch the soil around it with peat or straw.

Rose bushes care

To enhance flowering and facilitate the care of the plant, the bush in the first year of life form. This process is the removal of all young buds and the pinching of shoots above 4 or 5 leaves. Since rose bushes are different, the method of formation may differ. To reduce the width of the spreading bushes. When forming leave only the central shoots. On the kidney, directed inside the bush, make a cut. In compressed bushes, on the contrary, you need to leave side shoots. This makes the plant more lush and voluminous.

Important! Rapidly growing shoots pinch above 4 leaves. This is done so that new, symmetrically developed processes can be formed.

After creating the desired shape of the bush, pinching roses stop. Now the plant needs a lot of strength in order to start blooming.

When to open roses in spring

It is very important to choose the right time in order to remove the shelter from the bush. Remember, if you open the roses early, there is a risk of frost returning and damage to young buds. And if, on the contrary, to make it too late, it will lead to vypryvaniya.

The exact date when the shelter could not be opened by anyone. In each region, this time may vary. The main thing is to follow the thawing of the soil. If the night frosts are not strong, and the soil around the bush thawed to a depth of about 20 centimeters, then the shelter can be safely removed. Some gardeners remove shelter from the bush gradually, tempering the plant and accustomed to changes in temperature.

How is pruning roses

Without the removal of old and dry shoots it is impossible to grow healthy bushes. Pruning garden roses stimulates the formation of new shoots, and helps to create an attractive shape of the bush. All you need for cutting is a pruner. Cut dry shoots from the bush need half a centimeter above the healthy buds. Pruning is carried out in spring, summer and autumn.

The first pruning is done in the spring, immediately after the rose has been removed from the shelter. At this time, the growth of branches begins, so it is impossible to delay with pruning. Summer pruning is provided in order to remove dried flowers and "blind" damaged shoots from the plant. Also, if the bush is grafted, you need to remove wild shoots.

Important! When cutting dry buds from a bush, cut between 2 and 3 leaves from a flower.

It is advisable to cut wild shoots from the bush as soon as they appear. To do this, you need to slightly dig up the soil near the root and cut off the shoots at the very base. After that, the ground should be backfilled and slightly compacted. Cutting off the growth at ground level, you can achieve the opposite result, shoots will grow even stronger.

In the fall pruning is carried out in order to remove too long shoots, dry buds and fruits appeared.

Pests and diseases

Care of roses provides for mandatory prevention of diseases, as well as treatment of viruses and fungi. In order to provide assistance to the plant in time, it is necessary from time to time to carefully examine the bushes for the presence of pests and signs of diseases. Starting a fight in time, there is a high probability to save the plant.

For prevention, you can use the following methods:

  • You can plant a plant near the roses with a pungent odor that will deter pests. Decorative onions and sage are well suited for this purpose;
  • periodically watering the bushes with infusions of garlic, onions, calendula;
  • the leaves affected by black spot should be immediately plucked from the bush and burned so that the fungus does not spread to other plants;
  • From the middle of July it would be good to start to powder the bushes with ashes;
  • do not plant roses too thickly. This can lead to infection by fungi.

Conclusion

Care and cultivation of garden roses for everyone. Having planted for the first time these flowers on the site, you, most likely, want to get also other grades. With their help, you can create in your yard a real rose garden.

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