Strawberries or garden strawberries - berries beloved by many, not only tasty, but also useful. They grow it in almost any garden plot, except that the harvest of different gardeners can be very different. It happens very disappointing when the effort spent does not give the expected result.
Strawberries can grow in one place long enough, but over time the bushes grow old, the crop falls, the berries become smaller. This usually happens after 3-4 years. Therefore, it is time to update the old plantation. Seed breeding method is suitable only for small-fruited strawberries. Large-fruited varieties do not inherit parental characteristics when sowing seeds. Therefore, large-fruited berry is propagated only by daughter rosettes or mustache. The future harvest directly depends on their quality. Therefore, sockets not only need to choose the right, but also prepare strawberry plants in advance so that they are of high quality.
How to select a mustache for landing
The preparation of the selection of whiskers should be started a year before the strawberry plantation is renewed. The strongest and most productive mustaches give the bushes of the second year of life. They should have a lot of horns. During the fruiting of the bushes of the first year of life, pick strawberries with the largest and most numerous berries. Mark these bushes with pegs, for example. The following year, they can take the child outlet, to plant strawberries in the fall with a mustache.A warning! Strawberries can be affected by various diseases and pests. It is impossible to select rosettes for breeding from such bushes.
Since the strength of strawberry plants is not unlimited, it will be difficult for them to give good daughter outlets at the same time and a full harvest. Therefore, all flower stalks in the mustache selection year should be removed from them. Now the plant will throw its strength on the formation of daughter outlets, so that strawberries can be planted in the fall with a mustache.
Attention! The greatest yield can be obtained from the planted daughter outlets of the first, or at least the second order.
After their formation, pinch the mustache.
The number of whiskers that a single bush can form depends on its development. In the most powerful bushes, it can reach thirty with 3-5 child rosettes.A warning! So that the bushes are not depleted, and the daughter sockets have sufficient potential for development, normalize the formation of whiskers and pinch off extra at the very beginning of their formation.
In practice, more than five whiskers in one plant is not recommended to leave.
The strongest mustache - July. By the time of disembarkation, they manage to not only take root well, but also grow an outlet with a considerable amount of leaves. Such plants take root well and do not give attacks.
Criteria for selecting child outlets for landing
They have to:
- have a well-developed root system with a root length of at least 7 cm and a large number of white suction roots;
- the diameter of the root collar should not be less than 6 mm;
- have at least four developed leaves.
Terms of planting affiliated sockets
You can plant strawberries in several terms. Most often practiced spring planting. You can plant it in the second half of July. But if it was not possible to break up a new strawberry plantation in these terms, it is quite possible to do it in the fall.
A warning! Strawberries should be planted no later than a month before the onset of frosts, so that young bushes can root well.
In order for the plants to be comfortable in the garden and they could throw all their forces on the formation of the crop, and not on survival, it is necessary not only to plant the plants properly, but also to skillfully prepare the soil and choose the appropriate plot for their requirements.
Carrots, celery, spinach, dill, garlic, radish and radishes can be the best predecessors for this delicious berry. You can not plant this berry after plants of the family of nightshade and especially after strawberries or strawberries. Solanaceae and strawberries have common diseases. Bad predecessors and legumes. They are the intermediate hosts of the nematode pest dangerous for strawberries.
Plot need to choose sunny, with sandy or loamy acid soil. If the soil does not fit, you need to improve it. For this, sand is introduced into clay soil, and clay is introduced into sandy soil. Very important and acidity of the soil. Strawberries grow best and produce high yields on slightly acidic soil. If the acidity of the soil does not meet these requirements, it must be adjusted. Too acidic soil is lime, and slightly alkaline is acidified.
To plant strawberries in the fall, the land should be cooked in the spring. Future beds need to dig, the roots of perennial weeds are chosen very carefully. Strawberries will grow in the garden for more than one year, therefore, soil fertility must be taken care of in advance. When digging, a bucket of rotted manure or humus should be applied, 30 g of double superphosphate and 50 g of complete mineral fertilizer with microelements, half a cup of ash.
Important! Ash is a very useful fertilizer, it contains macro and trace elements necessary for plants, but it alkalizes the soil, which is undesirable for strawberries. Therefore, to get involved in it is not worth it.
In order for the land not to be overgrown with weeds before autumn, it is necessary to sow it with green manure, for example, mustard and one-year-old lupine. They will not only enrich the soil with nutrients, but also disinfect it. They are mown at the beginning of flowering and slightly buried in the soil.
With the onset of cool and rainy September days, we plant a mustache on a cooked bed. How to plant strawberries with a mustache so that plants do not experience stress and quickly take root in a new place?
First you need to decide on the method of landing. It can be single and double row. In the latter case, the distance between the rows should be about 60 cm. The distance between the bushes depends on the variety. For powerful and productive plants, it can reach 60 cm. But for most varieties it can be 30 cm.
How to plant strawberries? Planting technology is quite simple. Dig holes at a selected distance. Their depth must correspond to the length of the roots. Each well should be well shed with cold water. It will require at least 1 l. Cut off the mustache connecting the daughter outlet with the parent plant. Before planting strawberry bushes should be watered so that the earthy earth is better preserved. This is especially important if the weather is dry. With the help of the owl, carefully remove the socket from the ground, trying not to shake it from the roots. Drop the plants in the hole and straighten the roots well.
Attention! Never tuck the roots of the seedlings. She will be sick for a long time or not at all.
It is very important that the root neck of the planted plant is not buried in the ground, and the roots are not bare. The root neck should be strictly at ground level.Tip! Leave a small groove around the set mustache. During the winter, the plants bulge a little out of the ground and in the spring they will have to spud them slightly.
After planting, the soil around the bushes should be well mulched. As mulch suitable rotted sawdust, hay or pine or spruce needles.
Attention! Pine needles are not only good mulch, but also an excellent prophylactic against many diseases that affect this berry.
Black nonwoven can also be used as mulch. Then the technology of planting sockets will be slightly different. On the prepared bed spread non-woven material, securing it along the edges. On the site of the future holes make cross-shaped incisions and bend the edges of the fabric. Dig holes in which to spread the child outlet. Landing this way has many advantages:
- do not have to deal with weeds;
- the earth will be loose;
- longer moisture remains, and, therefore, water will have to be less;
- thermal conditions in the root zone will be more comfortable for plants;
- the berries will not get dirty, and the strawberries themselves are less sore.
A warning! With any method of planting in the first days of the bushes need protection from the sun.
It is best to cover the beds with white non-woven material. So, seedlings take root better.
Further care of the planted bushes is watering and protection from possible frost.
Do not let the strawberry plantation grow old. Update its child rosettes in time so that the harvest always pleases.